CBD vs. THC: What’s The Difference?

Cannabis and cbd oil being used to exemplify the substance that can be derived from the cannabis plant

There’s a lot more to the excellence of cannabis than just THC. The cannabis plant contains hundreds of compounds that contribute to its distinct flavor and effects. Each marijuana strain contains different amounts and proportions of these compounds, which helps explain why different strains taste, smell, and feel so different. 

CBD and THC are two of the most important cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. There has been a rise in interest surrounding the potential health implications and effects of cannabis in the past few years. Much of the attention has been focused on these two cannabinoids. Cannabis and hemp plants both produce CBD and THC. Hemp contains a higher concentration of CBD. Cannabis, on the other hand, has a higher THC content. While they share many similarities, here’s everything you need to know about the differences between CBD and THC.

Defining CBD

Cannabidiol, popularly known as CBD, is the second most common chemical component present in cannabis. CBD is derived from Team Hemp, a type of the Cannabis sativa plant recognized for generating high levels of CBD and only small amounts of THC (typically less than 0.3 percent), inadequate to produce intoxicating effects.

What Is THC?

THC, an abbreviation for tetrahydrocannabinol, represents Team Marijuana, another strain of the Cannabis plant. While cannabis does contain CBD, it is mostly produced for its high THC concentration. THC is the component of marijuana that gives the plant its euphoric properties. THC is responsible for the “high” feeling you get after smoking marijuana.

CBD vs. THC: The Key Differences 

THC and CBD both influence the endocannabinoid system, which is critical for maintaining homeostasis. Although CBD and THC are derived from the same crop, their molecular structures differ and influence how they function with the body. As a result of these fundamental disparities, they are also addressed distinctively in the legal system of the United States.

The Effects of CBD and THC on the Body

The THC component is well recognized for producing a high sensation, often known as a psychoactive reaction. THC is still banned in several states. Our bodies have two types of cannabinoid receptors. THC attaches to receptors in the brain that govern pain, pleasure, and other emotions. That is why THC may make you feel euphoric and give you a “high.” CBD does not produce a high. Instead, it is believed to interact with other components in the body associated with feelings of well-being.

Chemical Structure 

CBD and THC have the same chemical structure, which consists of 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms. THC and CBD are isomers, which means they have the same chemical formula (C21H30O2) but distinct molecular structures. The different impacts on your body are explained by a minor change in how the atoms are structured. 

CBD and THC are both similar in composition to your body’s endocannabinoids. This enables them to communicate with your cannabis receptors. As a result, CBD and THC attach uniquely to the receptors in the body’s endocannabinoid system, which helps modify the nervous system, synaptic plasticity (how neurons interact with one another), and the body’s reaction to extrinsic stressors.

Medical Benefits

Many of the health benefits of CBD and THC are the same. CBD items treat anything from arthritis and Crohn’s disease to diabetes and multiple sclerosis. Some people claim that it relieves anxiety, sleeplessness, and chronic pain.


Cannabis-related legislation in the United States is constantly changing. CBD is still classified as a Schedule I substance per federal statute. Furthermore, numerous states have legalized the recreational use of cannabis and THC. CBD should be available in states where cannabis is allowed for recreational or medicinal use.   

California enacted Assembly Bill 45, which establishes an industrial hemp license system administered by the California Department of Public Health. CBD, a popular hemp constituent, is now permitted in California in nutritional supplements, meals, drinks, and cosmetics. Cannabis has become more available than ever before, thanks to major accredited dispensaries like Planet 13 Dispensaries, offering a variety of different products for different lifestyles and needs.

Side effects

Even at very high dosages, CBD hardly produces any significant side effects. Any negative effects are usually due mainly to CBD interacting with another drug that the user was taking at the same time. Before using CBD, always get medical advice, especially if you’re using any other medications. 

Drug testing

Cannabidiol (CBD) should not be detected in a drug test. However, most CBD products contain trace quantities of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary active element in marijuana. THC will appear on a drug test if there is enough of it present. This indicates that using CBD may result in a positive drug test in rare situations. Because most drug tests check for molecules linked to THC, you should anticipate THC to show up on a screen.

How can each be consumed?

While there are numerous methods to consume CBD, no one approach is perfect or ideal. It’s critical to experiment with several approaches to determine what works best for you. Many individuals prefer to smoke or vape marijuana or CBD; however, this may be impossible for people with specific medical issues. CBD products come in a number of forms. These are some examples:

  • Cannabis extracts: Cannabis extracts are made from cannabinoids and terpenes, which are plant chemicals. Concentrates come in various forms, all of which have greater quantities of THC and CBD than cannabis flower ounce for ounce.
  • Topicals: Cannabis topicals include creams, gels, lotions, and sprays. These items may be used for various reasons, such as first aid, cosmetics, and beauty products.
  • Cannabis tinctures: Cannabis tinctures are alcohol-based solvent extracts that separate the terpenes and cannabinoids from the rest of the plant. Tinctures are great for users considering smokeless consumption techniques since they may be taken orally, sublingually beneath the tongue or incorporated in foods.


THC and CBD both come from the cannabis plant. However, these two molecules have specific features that set them apart. THC is connected with euphoric or psychoactive properties, but CBD is better known for its medical advantages. Check with your doctor before using either, and think about how they’ll interact with any other drugs you’re on.

The Best Dispensary in Orange County

Now that you understand the key differences between CBD and THC make your way to Planet 13, the largest cannabis entertainment complex dispensary in Orange County.

Planet 13 provides a broad range of cannabis strains and products for newbies and seasoned users. Planet 13, a leading Orange County dispensary, aims to deliver the highest quality recreational cannabis, cannabis extracts, and infused goods available at reasonable pricing and with the compassion that only individuals who are skilled in the area can provide. Visit us in-store or reach out to us for in-store purchasing, online shopping, curbside pickups, and, of course, delivery.